Centre Of Excellence in Veterinary Epidemiology, ABU, Zaria. '

Centre Of Excellence in Veterinary Epidemiology

    Centre Background

    The Department of Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria established the Centre of Excellence in Veterinary Epidemiology, as part of MacArthur Foundation intervention in Ahmadu Bello University.

    The philosophy of the project is to implement academic and field activities that will enrich the knowledge and skills of veterinarians within a Master of Science program in Veterinary Epidemiology with involvement of key governmental and non-governmental stakeholders in partnership with 3 other universities in northern Nigeria.

    With the approval of the curriculum by the Senate of Ahmadu Bello University in September, 2012, the first set of 20 students were admitted for the 2012/13 session with wide spread of enrollment of candidates from various states particularly northern Nigeria. The students were drawn from 11 out of the 19 northern states including one student from a southern state.

    There was equal spread with 50% of the students enrolled derived from public service while the other 10 students were in non-public sector employment. A second set of 20 students was admitted for the 2013/14 session. The project activities undertaken between September 2013 to August, 2014 is narrated below.

    Project Goal

    To establish a Centre of Excellence for Research and Training in Veterinary Epidemiology that will Produce well trained

    manpower and dieses information and spearhead evidence - based planning and control of dieses and the mitigation of their impact on food and food safety.

    Objectives

    I. Develop the capacity of staff and student from collaborating departments and staff of agencies concerned with early detection and control of animal diseases.

    II Conduct epidemiological research that will generate disease information.

    III Collect and analyses existing data in order to identify disease reporting gaps in the field.

    IV. Improved the quality of data generation and management, sharing amongst stakeholders.

    V. Develop a network of epidemiologists.

    Implementation Mechanism

    I. Training - Disease Investigation.

    II. Research - Data Management.

    III. Community Engagement -Linkage and Networking Promoting Gender Issues

    Current Research Activity

    Three Thematic Area

    I Food safety.

    II Zoonoses.

    III Surveillance and Disease Control.

    Food safety

    Use of hazard analysis of critical control points (HACCP) to control risks posed by infectious agents during slaughter process of cattle and pigs. Works in these areas will also determine the level of contamination of beef carcasses in abattoirs with important zoonotic pathogens including Listeria and Salmonella species

    Zoonoses

    Studies in this area include estimating the level of infection among pregnant women due to the zoonotic protozoan parasite Toxoplasma Gondi and the level of infection due to this parasite in chickens. The practice of consumption of fetuses of slaughtered pregnant animals is also being investigated with particular interest in determining the public health implications of this practice. Also, the level of infection in children due rotaviruses is being studied with particular interest in determining the proportion of infections that are due to the virus type of animal origin. Some of the studies are focusing of rabies, a very important zoonotic viral disease, looking at the level of immunity in dogs and the effect of dog population on human exposure. One of the studies is examining the emergence of a novel mechanism of resistance to an important front line antibiotic used in medicine and veterinary medicine and the level of resistance of Escherichia coli a common zoonotic bacterial pathogen to this class of antibiotics.
    Surveillance and Disease Control
    Use of participatory epidemiology and serology to estimate herd prevalence of Peste des Petits Ruminants in rural sheep and goats

    Project Officers

  • Prof.J.K.P Kwaga -Principal Investigator & Research Coodinator
  • Prof.E.C. Okolocha -Head Of Department
  • Prof.J.Kabir -Procurement Officer
  • Dr.M.Bello -Community Liaison
  • Dr. B.V.Maikai -Teaching Coodinator
  • Dr.G.S.N.Kia -PG Coodinator and Secretary

Photographs Of the Facilities

  • Parasitic Zoonoses Lab Section
  • Zoonoses Food Hygine Lab.
  • Bacterial Zoonoses Lab Section.
  • Shelf Section
  • MicroHematocrit Machine Used for PVC Analysis.
  • Diseases Survillance and Control Facilities